Validating informal and non formal learning
It is also widely used when referring to science education, in relation to citizen science, or informal science education.
The conflated meaning of informal and non-formal learning explicates mechanisms of learning that organically occur outside the realm of traditional instructor-led programs, e.g., reading self-selected books, participating in self-study programs, navigating performance support materials and systems, incidental skills practice, receptivity of coaching or mentoring, seeking advice from peers, or participation in communities of practice, to name a few.
Non-formal learning has been used to often describe organized learning outside of the formal education system, either being short-term, voluntary, and having, few if any, prerequisites.Noteworthy is children's own initiative and assumption of responsibility to perform tasks for the households' benefit.Many Indigenous communities provide self-paced opportunities to kids, and allow exploration and education without parental coercion.Informal learning is common in communities where individuals have opportunities to observe and participate in social activities.In international discussions, the concept of informal learning, already used by John Dewey at an early stage and later on by Malcolm Knowles, experienced a renaissance, especially in the context of development policy.
Informal learning is any learning that is not formal learning or non-formal learning, such as self-directed learning or learning from experience.